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Significant world events* The Ecumenical Movement
Europe
Second year of Second World War

Americas
Roosevelt elected for third term

Africa
Italians expelled from Somalia, Eritrea & Abyssinia

South Asia and the Middle East
Indian Muslims demand separate state

East Asia and the Pacific
Japan begins occupaton of French Indo-China

1940 Free Church Federal Council formed
Europe
Third year of Second World War

Americas
US enters war against Germany and Japan

East Asia and the Pacific
Japan attacks US Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor before war is declared

1941
Europe
Fourth year of Second World War
German genocide of Jews begins
UK Beveridge Report on Welfare State

Americas
First Nuclear reactor

South Asia and the Middle East
Ghandi and Indian Congress Party leaders arrested

East Asia and the Pacific
US halts Japanese expansion at the Battle of Midway

1942
Europe
Fifth year of Second World War

Americas
Military coup in Argentina

South Asia and the Middle East
Tehran conference plans post-war order

1943
Europe
Sixth year of Second World War

Americas
Bretton Woods meeting to establish exchange rate mechanisms.

1944
Europe
Seventh year of Second Word War
Yalta conference
Hitler commits suicide
Labour takes power in UK general election.

Americas
First atomic bomb tested
United Nations Established
Vargas loses power in Brazil

Africa
Nationalist agitation in Algeria suppressed by French

East Asia and the Pacific
Atomic weapons used in Japan to force surrender

1945
Europe
Nuremburg trials of senior Nazis
Start of Greek civil war

Americas
Peron takes power in Argentina
Philippines granted independence from US
First electronic computer

South Asia and the Middle East
Syria becomes independent from France
Anglo-Indian negotiations on independence

East Asia and the Pacific
New Japanese constitution
Civil war in China
Creation of Philippine Republic
Beginning of Vietnamese struggle against France

1946
Europe
Start of Cold War
Marshall Plan for economic recovery

Americas
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

South Asia and the Middle East
Independence and Partition for India and Pakistan

East Asia and the Pacific
First supersonic flight (US)

1947 Whitby IMC conference
UN declaration of Human Rights

Europe
First production Land Rovers built
Communist takeover in Hungary & Czechoslovakia
Welfare State established in UK
Empire Windrush brings first West Indian immigrants to UK

Americas
Foundation of Organization of American States

Africa
National Party takes power in South Africa

South Asia and Middle East
Independence and establishment of State of Israel
Idependence granted for Ceylon
Ghandi assassinated
Start of Indo-Pakistani dispute over Kashmir

East Asia and the Pacific
Independence granted to Burma

1948 Amsterdam Inaugural Assembly of World Council of Churches (WCC)
Foundation of Taizé(?)
Discussions between Churches of Christ and Baptist Union (UK)
Europe
Formation of NATO
Formation of COMECON

Africa
Apartheid legalised in South Africa

East Asia and the Pacific
Communist revolution in China
China invades Tibet
Independence for Indonesia

1949
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